BEN-HAIM (Frankenburger), PAUL

BEN-HAIM (Frankenburger), PAUL (1897–1984), Israeli composer, one of the leading founders of Israeli art music. Ben-Haim was born in Munich. His father, Heinrich, was a respected professor of law. In 1920 Ben-Haim graduated from the Munich Academy of Music as conductor, composer, and pianist, and then was assistant to bruno walter at the Munich Opera. In 1924 he became Kapellmeister of the Augsburg Opera. While in Germany he composed about 80 lieder as well as chamber and orchestral works (e.g., Concerto Grosso, 1931) which were very well received. In 1929 he met the Jewish composer Heinrich Schalit (1886–1976), who encouraged him to write a series of Jewish-oriented choral works to biblical verses. In October 1933 he settled in Tel Aviv and changed his name to Ben-Haim. He dedicated himself to composition and to teaching at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and at the Music Teachers Training College in Tel Aviv. Some of Israel's best composers were his private composition students. As a highly prolific and inspired composer, Ben-Haim found the way to retain his cherished European heritage, with his admiration for J.S. Bach (as in his Metamorphosis on a Bach   Chorale) and special liking for Debussy and Ravel (Sonatina) and with his commitment to the ideology of the vision of the East (his striking Sonata à tré for mandolin, guitar, and harpsichord). From 1939 until 1955 he collaborated with the unique Yemenite singer bracha zephira as pianist and arranger of 35 of her traditional songs, most of which he quoted in his chamber and orchestral works. His music was well received and frequently performed worldwide by great conductors and soloists, among them leonard bernstein , yehudi menuhin , jascha heifetz , and menahem pressler . Ben-Haim's orchestral works include two symphonies (1940 and 1945); concertos for piano (1949), violin (1960), and cello (1962); the symphonic movements Sweet Psalmist of Israel (1953) which were awarded the Israel Prize in 1957; Liturgical Cantata (1950); the cantatas Vision of a Prophet (1959), Three Psalms (1952), and Kabbalat Shabbat (1967). Ben-Haim founded the genre of the Hebrew Lieder to poems by prominent poets such as bialik , Sh. Shalom , lea goldberg , and Raḥel . He composed a String Quartet, a Clarinet Quintet, a Piano Trio (Variations on a Hebrew Tune), a Piano Sonata (1953) and several suites for piano, and a Solo Violin Sonata. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Grove online; MGG2; P. Gradenwitz, The Music of Israel (1996), 351–57; J. Hirshberg, Paul Ben-Haim, His Life and Works (1990). (Peter Emanuel Gradenwitz / Jehoash Hirshberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paul Ben-Haim — (or Paul Ben Chaim, in Hebrew פאול בן חיים‎ ) (July 5 1897 ndash; January 14 1984) was an Israeli composer. Born Paul Frankenburger in Munich, Germany, he studied composition with Friedrich Klose and he was assistant conductor to Bruno Walter and …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Ben-Haim — Paul Ben Chaim (hebräisch ‏פאול בן חיים‎,  auch Ben Haim, geboren als Paul Frankenburger; * 5. Juli 1897 in München; † 20. Januar 1984 in Tel Aviv) war ein israelischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ben-Haim, Paul (Paul Frankenburger) — (1897–1984)    Israeli composer. Ben Haim was born in Munich and received his musical training at the Munich Academy. He emigrated to Palestine in 1922 where he joined the staff of both the Tel Aviv and the Jerusalem Conservatoires. His early… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Ben-Haim, Paul — (Paul Frankenburger) (5 July 1897, Munich – 14 January 1984, Tel Aviv)    Composer, pianist, conductor, he left Germany in 1933 with the Nazi takeover and moved to Tel Aviv. A long collaboration with folksinger Bracha Zephira (1910– 1990)… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Paul Ben-Chaim — (hebräisch ‏פאול בן חיים‎,  auch Ben Haim, geboren als Paul Frankenburger; * 5. Juli 1897 in München; † 20. Januar 1984 in Tel Aviv) war ein israelischer Komponist. Ben Haim studierte von 1915 bis 1920 an der Akademie der Tonkunst in München bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Münchner MotettenChor — Sitz: München/Deutschland Gründung: 1960 Gattung: gemischter Chor Gründer: Hans Rudolf Zöbeley Leiter: Hayko Siemens Stimmen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Бен-Хаим, Пауль — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Бен Хаим. Пауль Бен Хаим (нем. Paul Ben Haim, ивр. פאול בן חיים‎, наст. фамилия Франкенбургер, нем. Frankenburger; 5 июля 1897, Мюнхен  14 января 1984, Тель Авив)  израильский… …   Википедия

  • Пауль Бен-Хаим — (нем. Paul Ben Haim, ивр. פאול בן חיים‎, наст. фамилия Франкенбургер, нем. Frankenburger; 5 июля 1897, Мюнхен  14 января 1984, Тель Авив)  выдающийся израильский композитор, дирижёр, педагог; один из основоположников израильской музыкальной… …   Википедия

  • Пауль Бен-Хайм — Пауль Бен Хаим (нем. Paul Ben Haim, ивр. פאול בן חיים‎, наст. фамилия Франкенбургер, нем. Frankenburger; 5 июля 1897, Мюнхен  14 января 1984, Тель Авив)  выдающийся израильский композитор, дирижёр, педагог; один из основоположников израильской… …   Википедия

  • Пауль Бенхаим — Пауль Бен Хаим (нем. Paul Ben Haim, ивр. פאול בן חיים‎, наст. фамилия Франкенбургер, нем. Frankenburger; 5 июля 1897, Мюнхен  14 января 1984, Тель Авив)  выдающийся израильский композитор, дирижёр, педагог; один из основоположников израильской… …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.